types of Solar Panels

Different types of Solar Panels

Solar electricity has become mainstream over the past years. People living in rural as well as urban areas have considerably shifted their electricity consumption from traditional means to solar energy. The deteriorating condition of natural resources and their harmful effects on the environment has got people into thinking about environmental well-being. Generating electricity through means of solar panels has proven to be an efficient and energy-saving method. Solar energy is one of the renewable natural resources that are available in abundance.

With the advancement of technology, our electricity requirements have significantly increased. We are so dependent on these technological gadgets for our daily activities that we cannot afford to put them off. While these everyday inventions and advancements are taking us a step further in science, this continuous need and consumption of electricity had led to the exhaustion of natural resources to great extent. A slight revival of it has been noticed ever since solar panels and mechanisms came to application.

Apart from rural areas where electricity supply is limited, major urban cities and towns have switched to solar-generated electricity to fulfill their requirements. There are several solar companies in Central Coast that offer solar setups for residential, commercial as well as industrial purposes. The market for solar panels is in great demand lately.

While there are so many solar companies around, it is important to know the different types of solar panels available in the market before you choose to purchase one. There are majorly 3 types of solar panels that you can get from solar companies in the Central Coast. Let’s take a look at their features and uses.

Polycrystalline panels

This is one of the most commonly used solar panels everywhere. Also known as multi-crystalline panels, these are made of multiple silicon crystals melted in square frames. These solar panels have a mosaic appearance and bluish tone since it is made up of several silicon crystals. Polycrystalline panels have a low cost as their manufacturing process is easy. However, they have a low resistance to heat resulting in less efficiency. The amount of electricity generated in high temperatures is considerably low.

Monocrystalline panels

Being one of the oldest types of solar panels used, these are the most efficient ones. They are made of pure silicon that is highly durable. These panels are dark-colored with round edges. The cells are placed in a pyramid structure that further enhances the absorption of solar energy resulting in high electricity production. Since these are made of pure silicon crystals, the manufacturing costs are quite high. While the monocrystalline panels are the most expensive, they have a longevity of up to 30 years.

Thin-film panels

These are a modern addition to the range of solar panels. As per the name, these panels are thin glass-like surfaces that are made of various photovoltaic elements apart from silicon. They are flexible and do not require rigid framing. These are less effective than the other two types of panels and cost less. Thin-film panels are not suitable for residential purposes due to limited warranties and large area installations. Hence, these panels are installed for industrial purposes where abundant space for installation is available.

Since thin-film panels are made up of different photovoltaic substances other than silicon, they can be further subdivided into three types.

  • CIGS Panels

The copper indium gallium selenide panels are a combination of copper, gallium, indium, and selenide forming a thin layer on a glass-like surface. The amalgam of these elements results in high electricity generation as compared to other thin-film panels.

  • CdTe Panels

These panels are made of cadmium telluride that requires the minimum level of water for generating electricity. The manufacturing costs of these panels are very low and have extremely low carbon emissions. CdTe cells are highly toxic if inhaled. Therefore, it requires expert assistance while installation.

  • a-Si Panels

Amorphous silicon is shapeless on the molecular level unlike other silicon cells used in solar panels. A very minute fraction of silicon is required to produce amorphous silicon cells as compared to producing proper silicon cells. The manufacturing costs are extremely low and are very less efficient.

After reading this, now you know the different types of solar panels available in the market, their comparative costs, and utilities. Therefore, before buying solar panels from solar companies in Central Coast, make sure they serve and fulfill your requirements.